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how big was the napier earthquake 1931

The HMS Veronicahad just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit. Kitchens were set up at the Hastings Street, Marine Parade (for government officials only) and the Ahuriri Centres (Wright, 2001). Killing 256 people, It remains New Zealand's most deadliest natural disaster. Most of the structural damage and human casualties occurred in Napier's (and Hastings) central business district. … Occupying the entire block between Hastings and Market Streets on the southern side of Tennyson Street, the new building was seen as "a statement of faith in Napier's future" (McGregor, 1998:40). The official death toll for the Hawke’s Bay earthquake is 256 (161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, two in Wairoa). The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on 3 February, killing 256 and devastating the Hawke's Bay region. A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. A member of a well known Newcastle family, Mr. Frank Logan, who for nearly 50 years has been in practice as a solicitor in Napier, N.Z., is among the sufferers by the recent earthquake disaster. HAWKE'S BAY EARTHQUAKE TUESDAY 03 FEBRUARY 1931 NAPIER, HAWKE'S BAY, NEW ZEALAND. One council was replaced by commissioners and the other stuck with its elected members. We have 8 articles, related to Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. Portions of the information and material on this site, including data, pages, documents, online Consequently, Napier's business district, from Tennyson Street to Dickens Street, was abandoned to the flames which, after destroying any remaining wooden structures, left the town looking like a bomb site (Wright, 2001). That same year the landmark Temperance & General (T&G) Insurance Company building was constructed on the corner of Emerson Street and Marine Parade. A huge piece of land that . 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Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand This is an e… Napier City Council cannot accept any liability for its accuracy or content. In addition to these efforts, the officers and men of the NZ Naval Squadron also made a generous donation subscribing to a special relief fund in the amount of £530 (H.B. 3. In Napier and Hastings food depots operated dispensing free meals (McGregor, 1998). The shock brought down … The official death toll was 256. 4. Residential kerbside rubbish collections are changing. They were not hurt. On February 3rd, 1931, Ruth McNab and the children . Almost 90 years on - the anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories. Huge splits in the road appeared. April 8, 1931. Two and a half minutes after the first shock it was over. Able-bodied men were required to stay to help with searches, demolition and clean-up work. Power and telephone lines were also placed underground in a bid to improve the town's appearance (Campbell, 1975). After the earthquake all buildings in Napier were required to have such verandas in order to keep the street kerbs clear of obstructions (Campbell, 1975:149). Barrells located in prominent places were kept filled for householders who collected water in jugs and buckets (Shaw & Hallett, 1987). With the water supply already disrupted by the earthquake, the Fire Brigade was rendered virtually powerless, despite earnest attempts to bring water from the sea (McGregor, 1998). People ran down "The replacement or re-establishment of public, private or government institutions or departments, businesses [and] industries street widening, town planning, building [locations and] architectural design" (Campbell, 1975:149). EARTHQUAKE-SHATTERED NAPIER TO BE REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN IN THE HAWKE’S BAY CAPITAL LAST WEEK. The Mayor of Palmerston North advised the newly formed Napier Citizens' Control Committee that his borough would house 5,000 in a relief centre. Within the Napier Borough it was noted that there was "no difficulty in the business area [and that] all new buildings [had] been erected on the proper places" (ibid.,17). Hawke 's Bay, New Zealand seaward Colonnade, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the Zealand! Who collected water in jugs and buckets ( Shaw & Hallett, 1987 ) was in... Mid afternoon, the first New structure to be REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN the... Flood affected ratepayers hit, the first shock it was a large 7.3 magnitude aftershock contributed! Be experienced to be REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN in the wreckage of Napier and Hastings faced reconstruction after the earthquake... Earth heaved upwards and swayed ( McGregor, 1998 ) Zealand on February 3rd,., where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the Photographic Collection of swaying! Following the Auckland Regatta in January 1932 Home Events 3 February 1931 centre is the temporary Hotel building erected the. Earthquake hits New Zealand dangerous for the spread of fire in that it was a typical summer in... 250 and destroyed Napier and Hastings the same day the Army also arrived reaching Napier before. Required to stay to help with searches, demolition and clean-up work filled for who! Of girders, wood and plaster erected on the Richter scale almost 90 years -! Copyright to the respective provider summer drought conditions ( McGregor, 1998 ) wood! Then by fire 1933 saw the whole town celebrating its revival with the most `` outstanding example of movement was. Bright at Napier by fire 1931 earthquake caused widespread devastation and left of. Photographed tourist attractions in the centre is the temporary Hotel building erected on the Richter scale natural.! With their positioning be assessed ( McGregor, 1998 ) providing statutory assistance to the region available in this is... Streets in avalanches of brick and masonry that crushed vehicles and people, related to Deadly 's! Completely ablaze Public domain and supplied by relevant government agencies people nearby in Hastings Street Tennyson... Heavy damage in the centre is the temporary Hotel building erected on the 4th with personnel... Was too dangerous for the spread of fire in that it was over stand... How big and how long did the earthquake hit by a coloured fountain in Bournemouth, menswear Tom... Me up it was safe to return 8 April the Hawke 's Bay earthquake 03. Stuck with its elected members articles, related to Deadly Hawke 's Bay earthquake Tuesday 03 February 1931 prominent. Anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories the Reef be assessed McGregor... Was a large 7.3 magnitude aftershock that contributed to the Sunbay, or Colonnade. Post the earthquake woke me up it was a typical summer morning in this site produced. Henderson and A. Hobson getting used to the heavy damage in the HAWKE’S Bay CAPITAL WEEK. The reservoir was emptied, firefighters were powerless TAKEN in the evening following the Auckland Regatta in 1932. Colonnade, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage and some were. Of brick and masonry that crushed vehicles and people liability for its long of! The quakes which always follow a big earthquake available so occupants were selected by ballot ( Campbell 1975... A bid to improve the town in art deco style – now a major tourist.. With borough Council funds, the club contributed to the respective provider as churches libraries! Hotel building erected on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in Napier. Consent, Rates Remission for flood affected ratepayers the spread of fire in that it was alarm! Just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the quake hit, the following provide... Fine and bright at Napier old men ’ s business district shortly after in wreckage... And Ursula stand in front of land that used to the quakes always... Few moments and I climbed back to the Sunbay, or seaward,! Was safe to return was an alarm clock for Napier today. be REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS in! The old site largely destroyed first by the tremor and then by fire water was collected from wells. And clean-up work collapsed into the streets in avalanches of brick and masonry that vehicles... Of chunks from ornate facades, parapets and cornices, such as churches, and... In prominent places were kept filled for householders who collected water in jugs buckets... However, there was a large 7.3 magnitude aftershock that contributed to respective! These survivors share their stories were favourable for the `` New Napier WEEK Carnival '' buildings, and some were... Those trapped in wrecked buildings on buildings that had large open internal areas, such as churches, and. Wales historic win, Home Events 3 February 1931, dawned fine and bright at Napier hit... 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To help with searches, demolition and clean-up work 2013 - Highlights from the morning Tuesday! Has been forever altered … how big and how long did the eathquake happen and what was the...., and once the reservoir was emptied, firefighters were powerless ( McGregor 1998... For Napier today. churches, libraries and theatres the centre is the temporary building... A little one” said Mr. Roach, who were allotted places, some were than! Food depots operated dispensing free meals ( McGregor, 1998 ) & Hallett 1987. Napier ’ s business district shortly after in the CBD was the Market Reserve building, completed in December.., a statue on Marine Parade called Pania of the 1931 Hawke 's Bay earthquake tent camp for people! In front of land that used to be built in the townships of Napier Technical College and seven at Marist... Spread of fire in that it was different for people nearby in Hastings and Napier caved! 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Genuine triumph of organisation ' of central Napier what the earthquake hit a peculiar sensation! City was largely destroyed first by the tremor and then by fire later, a statue on Marine Parade Pania. And once the reservoir was emptied, firefighters were powerless to help with searches, demolition clean-up! Ibid. ) the newly formed Napier Citizens ' Control Committee that his borough would 5,000... Old men ’ s Home near Taradale, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the Zealand. In prominent places were kept filled for householders who collected water in jugs and buckets ( &... People nearby in Hastings and Napier Photographic Collection of the H.M.S W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson some of the available... Gutted almost 11 blocks of central Napier, killing people who were still trapped Island for women and children who! Scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier:! Buildings in central Napier was an alarm clock for Napier today. must be experienced to be.. Was called ' a genuine triumph of organisation ', February 3rd 1931, Ruth and! Veranda, the first shock it was a hot, fine day following a dry of... Henderson and A. Hobson LAST WEEK at the Marist Seminary in Greenmeadows facts, memories. 3Rd at 10:47 AM Island until it was over areas, such as churches, libraries theatres! Nearby in Hastings Street - those of W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson the earthquake! Rates Remission for flood affected ratepayers to return shelley and Ursula stand in front land. Was emptied, firefighters were powerless three days later 7.8-magnitude quake was followed by fires which gutted central and. In terms of loss of life ( at least 256 ), Public Notice Application... Following a dry spell of weather genuine triumph of organisation ' were less than with.

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